Off The Beaten Path - Anderson,TX

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joe817
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Off The Beaten Path - Anderson,TX

#1

Post by joe817 » Sun Sep 22, 2019 9:09 am

ANDERSON, TEXAS. Anderson is on State Highway 90 and Farm roads 149 and 1774 ten miles northeast of Navasota in central Grimes County. Bidai, Coushatta, and Kickapoo Indians roamed this area before the arrival of Stephen F. Austin's first settlers. Francis Holland, one of the first settlers in the area, received his deed to a league of land from Austin on August 10, 1824.

In 1833 Henry Fanthorp purchased the east quarter of Holland's league for twenty-five cents an acre and built a corn-storage building that served also as a dwelling and grain market. In 1834 he built a larger, dog-run house to live in. In order to take advantage of the stage lines, he enlarged this dwelling into a tavern known as the Fanthorp Inn. Mail was delivered here weekly, starting in 1835; the inn was thus the first post office in what was to be Grimes County.

In 1846 Grimes County was organized, and Fanthorp offered land for the county seat. In the following election a site between Alto Mira and Randolph was chosen. It was named Anderson, in honor of Kenneth L. Anderson, last vice president of the Republic of Texas, who had recently died at the Fanthorp Inn. In time the community encompassed Alto Mira, Randolph, and the inn.

Good soil, good crops, good water supply, and numerous stagecoach routes across Grimes County contributed to Anderson's growth. Lawyers, teachers, preachers, physicians, and political leaders from the southern United States, along with skilled farmers of German and Polish descent, came together in Anderson. The Masons opened Masonic Collegiate Institute, also known as Patrick Academy, in 1846; other schools followed: St. Paul's Episcopal College (1852), a Lutheran school (1882), a Catholic school (1890), and the school of Anderson Independent Free District (1893).

Numerous churches provided worship services. The town boomed from 1846 to 1885; it had two steam sawmills, six cotton gins, five hotels, a drugstore, a mercantile house, a hardware store, a tailor, a blacksmith, a pistol factory that provided handguns for the Confederacy, and a population of 3,000. At least six different Anderson newspapers were published between 1854 and 1900.

For all of its promise in the stagecoach days, no major development in road or rail line construction passed through Anderson. Local landowners refused to give right-of-way to the Houston and Texas Central in 1857. In 1903 they agreed to construction of the Madisonville Branch of the Missouri Pacific, from Navasota to Madisonville.

This line was discontinued in 1944, leaving Anderson without a public carrier. The first highway to pass through Anderson was not begun until 1930. Growth was also retarded by the lack of city government. Although the town was incorporated, records show elected officials only for the years 1867 and 1875. In 1983 a movement to revive city government was defeated at the polls.

Although Anderson is the county seat and was once the fourth largest town in Texas, its population in 1990 was only 370, composed of the residents within a half-mile radius of the historic county courthouse. The town has a number of historic homes. Special events that attract tourists are Texas Trek in April, a County Fair and Juneteenth celebration in June, and Texan Days in September, as well as church festivals and activities of fraternal organizations.

By 1990 a dozen or more commercial business and offices, a post office, the bank, the school, law enforcement offices, and the county jail were within a three-block radius of the courthouse. Livestock, dairy farming, hay, and honeybees were the means of livelihood for the surrounding community. Many residents worked out of town. By 2000 the population dropped to 257 with fifty-eight businesses.
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surprise_i'm_armed
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Re: Off The Beaten Path - Anderson,TX

#2

Post by surprise_i'm_armed » Sun Sep 22, 2019 3:13 pm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/League_(unit)

The above link gives the various definitions for "league", which is generally a measure of "length = 3 miles."
So if the gentleman got a league of land, the question arises: "3 miles long, but how wide?".

***********************************************************************************************************************************************

https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/cfd01

The above link describes what a "dog-run house" was.


SIA
If I do not read a newspaper, I will be uninformed.
If I do read a newspaper, I will be ill informed.

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03Lightningrocks
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Re: Off The Beaten Path - Anderson,TX

#3

Post by 03Lightningrocks » Sun Sep 22, 2019 3:30 pm

The story left off the part about killing all the Indians so they could take their land. :mrgreen:


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Re: Off The Beaten Path - Anderson,TX

#4

Post by Chaparral » Sun Sep 22, 2019 3:39 pm

03Lightningrocks wrote:
Sun Sep 22, 2019 3:30 pm
The story left off the part about killing all the Indians so they could take their land. :mrgreen:
The Indians should have built a wall...and made the Europeans pay for it.

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03Lightningrocks
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Re: Off The Beaten Path - Anderson,TX

#5

Post by 03Lightningrocks » Sun Sep 22, 2019 3:54 pm

Chaparral wrote:
Sun Sep 22, 2019 3:39 pm
03Lightningrocks wrote:
Sun Sep 22, 2019 3:30 pm
The story left off the part about killing all the Indians so they could take their land. :mrgreen:
The Indians should have built a wall...and made the Europeans pay for it.
:smilelol5:

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Re: Off The Beaten Path - Anderson,TX

#6

Post by joe817 » Sun Sep 22, 2019 6:04 pm

surprise_i'm_armed wrote:
Sun Sep 22, 2019 3:13 pm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/League_(unit)

The above link gives the various definitions for "league", which is generally a measure of "length = 3 miles."
So if the gentleman got a league of land, the question arises: "3 miles long, but how wide?".

***********************************************************************************************************************************************

https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/cfd01

The above link describes what a "dog-run house" was.


SIA
A league is also a unit of measure of area. "In Texas, a vara was defined as 33 1⁄3 inches (846.67 mm), or 1 yard = 1.08 vara. The vara and the corresponding unit of area, the square vara, were introduced in the 19th century to measure Spanish land grants. In Texas, Stephen F. Austin's early surveying contracts required that he use the vara as a standard unit. The vara can be seen in many deeds as late as the mid to late 1900s. 1 acre (0.405 ha) is equivalent to 5,645.376 Texan square varas. A league is equivalent to 5,000 varas squared or 4,428.4 acres (1,792.11 ha)."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_customary_units
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surprise_i'm_armed
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Re: Off The Beaten Path - Anderson,TX

#7

Post by surprise_i'm_armed » Tue Sep 24, 2019 7:13 pm

To carry the math of land measure a little further, based on the most recent post above:

A league = 4,428.4 acres.
640 acres = 1 square mile.
4428.4 acres divided by 640 acres = 6.91375 square miles.

So if a man was granted a league, he had almost 7 square miles. That's a nice chunk of property with which to start a new life.

SIA
If I do not read a newspaper, I will be uninformed.
If I do read a newspaper, I will be ill informed.

Mark Twain, 1835-1910.

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joe817
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Re: Off The Beaten Path - Anderson,TX

#8

Post by joe817 » Tue Sep 24, 2019 8:22 pm

surprise_i'm_armed wrote:
Tue Sep 24, 2019 7:13 pm
To carry the math of land measure a little further, based on the most recent post above:

A league = 4,428.4 acres.
640 acres = 1 square mile.
4428.4 acres divided by 640 acres = 6.91375 square miles.

So if a man was granted a league, he had almost 7 square miles. That's a nice chunk of property with which to start a new life.

SIA
I totally agree! And recall that was back in 1824 when there few immigrants coming into Texas, and back then Texas had very few people in its population, so the grants could be freely handed out to encourage population growth. Good eye! :cheers2:
Diplomacy is the Art of Letting Someone Have Your Way
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Colt Gov't Model .380

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